Bloodhound

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History:  It’s not for certain when or where the dogs originated.  There has been reports (legends) that Belgium monks developed this breed in a monastery around the 8th century.  The Bloodhound was first known as the Saint Hubert, named after the monastery from which they were born.  The Saint Hubert came in two colors, black or white.

The monks later sent a pair of black Saint Hubert’s to the King of France as a gift.  This is when they were bred with other dogs and began to get the brown/black color.

Bloodhounds weren’t recognized in the United States until the 1800’s.  They were known to be a great tracking and hunting breed.  They would help their master locate missing-persons, or  wild game.

Description:  These dogs are fairly large dogs with an elongated gait.  They have lots of saggy skin, which helps them pick up scents off the ground while tracking.  Their long ears are known to help gather scents too .  Their primary colors are black/tan or liver/tan.

Size:  Their average weight is 80-100lbs and they stand about 23-27 inches at the shoulder.

Temperament:  This breed can be a great family pet, but they are known to be stubborn.  Since the BH was bread to sniff and track, it becomes hard for them to listen when they find a scent.  You may find it hard to get their attention once they are on a trail.  Another trait is that they might overpower young children if they are left alone with them.  Otherwise, if you train them at a young age, Bloodhounds make great family pets.

Grooming:  The Bloodhound requires a little more time when it comes to grooming.  Since they are always outdoors sniffing around, they tend to get dirty.  You can brush them daily to remove dirt and excess slobber.  Their ears need to be cleaned daily because they can get into the food, water dish, and pick up all sorts of stuff off the ground.  If not taken care of, their ears can get infected from bacteria.

Health:  Bloodhounds are known to bloat. This is when the stomach fills with air from eating or drinking. It’s important to provide them with an elevated food bowl and feed them in two separate meals.

Like most large dog breeds, Bloodhounds are prone to hip and elbow dysplasia.  Bloodhounds also have been known to have a few eye issues.  Entropion, is when their eyelid forms inward, causing the eyelashes to scratch the eyeball.  The opposite would be ectropion, where the eyelid forms outward.  Then the last condition is keratoconjuntivitis sicca, also known as dry eyes.

Not all Bloodhounds are going to have these conditions.  If you are planning on getting your dog from a breeder, make sure you ask them if the parents of the pups have been tested, and always make sure that the blood lines are clean.

Exercise:  Bloodhounds were bread to track a scent for 100’s of miles; with that being said, it’s very important for them to get exercise.  If you are wanting one of these dogs, make sure you have a fenced in backyard, a sturdy leash/harness, and plenty of time to play with your dog.  When Bloodhounds get bored, they become destructive.  They love to eat and chew on anything.  Some owners have said they are great at remodeling your backyard. Remember, a happy Bloodhound make a happy owner 🙂

Lifespan: Around 8-10 years.

Trivia:  The Bloodhounds have been known to play large roles on the big screen. They have appeared in movies such as Lady & the Tramp, Aristocats, Shawshank Redemption, & etc.

Sources:

http://www.petmd.com/dog/breeds/c_dg_bloodhound

http://www.vetstreet.com/dogs/bloodhound

http://www.petmd.com/dog/breeds/c_dg_bloodhound

Weimaraner

WeimaranerGianni3Months

 

 History:  They originated in Germany around the late 1800’s.  This breed was developed for the Grand Duke, Karl August of Wiemar. These dogs were taught to hunt very large game such as boars, bears, and deer.  Both Germany and The Duke were very possessive of the new breed they had created.  It was said that the first Weimaraners to enter the United States were sterile that way no one could breed these dogs.  Unfortunately, The Dukes plan didn’t work out so well. A man from Rhode Island went to Germany and returned to the US with 3 dogs.  He bread the dogs and shared them with people across the US.

Description:  The Weimaraner is a medium sized dog.  Generally the owners will have the tails docked, but this has been banned in some countries.  Their coats are grayish-silver and can be long or short-haired.  Their eyes start out blue when they are pups, but then change to an amber or light gray color.  These dogs also have webbed toes, which helps them get around better in the water.

Size: For being a large dog, the Weimaraner doesn’t weigh that much. Females are 23-25 inches tall, weighing in around 55-70lbs.  Males are 25-27 inches tall, weighing 70-80lbs.

Temperament:  These guys have been called the dogs with a human brain.  Weimaraner’s are easy to train, but it’s best to start early when they are young.  This breed is very social and loves to be around their owners and other dog friends.  They are very active and athletic dogs.  If they don’t get enough exercise and attention, they can get into some mischief while their owners are away.  Weimaraner’s can live anywhere, but if you choose to get one & you don’t have a yard, make sure you take time to walk them and make daily visits to the dog park so they can exercise and put good use to all of that stored up energy.

Grooming:  Weimaraner’s have a short, flat coat, that sheds yearly.  It is recommended that you groom them in 4-8 week intervals. They need to have their ears cleaned and nails clipped. Weekly brushing is recommended also. Bathing can be done yearly and is only necessary when they are dirty.

Health:  While researching, I have found that Weimaraner’s have a few health issues.  Some may experience entropion, which is where their eyelids are inverted or folded inward.  This means the eyelashes scratch the eyeball and irritate it.  If this is not taken care of, the eye can have permanent damage.

A serious aliment among Weimaraner’s is tricuspid dysplasia.  This happens as the fetus is developing.  The right ventricle doesn’t form properly, causing the valve to not work as efficiently.  As a owner, you may not recognize the signs and symptoms.  Some dogs experience un-explained weight gain, their legs & tail feel cool to the touch, and some have a loss of energy.  Due to the lack of noticeable symptoms, the tricuspid dysplasia goes unnoticed until the dog experiences congestive heart failure. 

Exercise:  These dogs need more exercise than most breeds.  Some owners have reported that a two mile jog around the neighborhood might not be enough.  If you are considering this dog for a future pet, you may want to take some things into consideration.  As an owner, you need to make time to play and interact with your Weimaraner daily, and maybe ever more that twice a day.  Like a morning walk before you leave for work, and then another walk or jog when you return home in the evening.  If this isn’t enough exercise for them, an extra game of fetch might be needed.  These dogs require a lot of space to move around and stay mentally and physically engaged.  If not, they become bored and destructive.

Lifespan: 10-13 years

Trivia:  Due to the sleek silver and gray coat, the Weimaraner has been given the knick name “Gray Ghost”.

Sources:

http://www.animalplanet.com/tv-shows/dogs-101/videos/weimaraner/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weimaraner

https://www.espree.com/breedProfiler.asp?g=4&b=66

http://www.vetstreet.com/dogs/weimaraner#grooming

http://www.akcchf.org/canine-health/your-dogs-health/disease-information/tricuspid-valve-dysplasia.html

http://www.iowaweimrescue.org/weimaraner-characteristics/

http://www.animalplanet.com/breed-selector/dog-breeds/sporting/weimaraner.html

http://www.dogbreedinfo.com/weimaranerphotos4.htm (picture credit)

Miniature Schnauzer

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History:  The Miniature Schnauzer originated in Germany and have been found in paintings dating as far back as the 19th Century. The MS was bread to be a small courageous dog that went underground to hunt vermin.  Most terriers were bread in the British Isles, but the MS was developed in Germany.  The get their small, stalky build from a combination of 3 breeds; the Poodle, the Affenpinscher, and the Standard Schnauzer.

Description: These dogs are known for the square-shaped muzzle and short-stalky build.  Their coats are mostly dark-colored and may be brown, silver, or salt & pepper.  They have a double coat which can be described as wiry.  The ears are usually cropped which allows then to stand up in the pointed position and the tails are docked when permitted.

Size:  The average height for the MS is 13-14 inches tall. Males can weigh 11- 18 pounds while females weigh about 10- 15 pounds.

Temperament:  The Miniature Schnauzer has been described as a spunky, loving, alert, bouncy, courageous, family dog.  Though they were bread to hunt vermin and protect/guard their owners home, this dog has been said to be good around children and are great family pets.  They are easy to train and love to cuddle up at night before bed.  The MS also has a good energy level, so it is a good idea to take them on daily walks or let them play out doors.  If they aren’t kept busy, they may become bored and try to invent their own fun.

Grooming:  MS have a standard grooming style among the breed.  Some owners will take their dog into the groomer to have them clipped or stripped (stripping, is mostly done to show dogs).  It is a good idea to have your MS groomed regularly, that way the hair above their lashes and their mustaches don’t grow too long and become tangled or matted.

Health: Miniature Schnauzer’s are known to have a few health concerns.  Just like humans, dogs can also suffer from diabetes.  Some common symptoms to look for are an increase of thirst, and then lots or urinating.  Your dog may be hungry often and yet still be losing weight. Urolithiasis, is when your dog starts to have calcium deposits build up in their urinary tract.  Miniature Schnauzer’s generally get cataracts in their eyes. This is when the lens of the eye becomes cloudy and light is not able to pass into the retina, usually resulting in vision loss.

Exercise:  The MS requires daily mental and physical stimulation.  You don’t have to take this dog on 2 hour walk. They just need to be outside and active for a good 30 minutes.  Yes, they are a small indoor breed, but they have a good amount of energy built up.  When you get home from work, let them play out back or take them to a dog park.  If you have a nice neighborhood, they would be able to not only get that physical exercise, but mental exercise as well.  If your Miniature Schnauzer becomes bored, they might start digging holes, or tearing up things inside.

Lifespan: 12- 14 years

Trivia:  Bob Dole and his wife Elizabeth owned a Miniature Schnauzer named Leader.

Sources:

http://www.akc.org/breeds/affenpinscher/index.cfm

http://www.animalplanet.com/tv-shows/dogs-101/videos/miniature-schnauzer.htm

http://www.akc.org/breeds/miniature_schnauzer/index.cfm

http://www.petmd.com/dog/breeds/c_dg_miniature_schnauzer

http://dogtime.com/dog-breeds/miniature-schnauzerhttp://www.petmd.com/dog/breeds/c_dg_miniature_schnauzer