American Foxhound

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History: When the first European settlers arrived in the American colonies, some of them brought their hounds with. In the late 1700’s, the descendents of these dogs were bred with imported Irish, English, and French hounds. The American breeders were aiming to develop a Foxhound that would be lighter, taller and faster than his English cousin, with a keener sense of smell, to better suit the game and terrain of their new country.

George Washington was among the early American breeders. He kept a pack of American Foxhounds at Mount Vernon and tried to improve his dogs by breeding them to imported British hounds.  He also bred them to French foxhounds given to him by a friend.

These days, there are four types of American Foxhounds: field trial hounds, which are known for their speed and competitive spirit; slow-trailling hounds, which are known for their musical baying and used for hunting foxes on foot; drag hounds, also known as trail hounds, which are raced or hunted using as artificial lure instead of real prey; and pack hounds, used by hunters on horseback in packs of 15 to 20 or more.

Description: Similar to its English cousin, the American Foxhound has been developed by its breeders to be lighter and taller, to have a keener sense of smell, and to be even faster in a chase. A large handsome hound, its front legs are long and very straight-boned. The head is long with a slightly domed, large skull. THe ears are broad and pendant, framing the face. The eyes are large and wide-set, either brown or hazel, with a sweet, imploring expression. The ears are wide and flat to the head. The tail is set moderately high with a slight upward curve, but is not turned forward over the back. The short, hard coat may be any color.

Size: Height: 21-25 inches

Weight: 65-75 pounds

Temperament: The American Foxhound is sweet, affectionate, gentle and loving at home, but they are also brave and intense warrior in the hunt. They are excellent with children and get along well with other dogs because of their pack-hunting background, but should not be trusted with non-canine pets. Friendliness to strangers varies widely. They are very friendly dogs, however if a particular dog is allowed to see himself as a pack leader to humans he may become protective. The American Foxhound will take off after an interesting scent if it gets a chance. They like to bay and have a melodious bark; so in fact, that its tones have been used in popular sogns. Foxhounds don’t always make good house pets due to their history as outdoor pack kennel hounds. Make sure to provide plenty of exercise.

Grooming: The smooth, short-haired coat is easy to groom. Comb and brush with a firm bristle brush, and shampoo only when necessary. This breed is an average shedder.

Lifespan: About 10-12 years An average litter size is 5-7 puppies.

Health Problems: This breed doesn’t have much for health problems. its a fairly healthy breed. They are free of many genetic diseases, such as hip and bone problems, that plague other large breeds. Gains weight easily; do not overfeed.

Scottish Terrier

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History:    The actual origin of a bread as old as the Scottish Terrier is obscure and undocumented. The first written records about a dog that is similar to the Scottie dates from 1436, when Don Leslie describes them in his book.

After the early 19th century there were two varieties of terrier existing in Britain at the time – a rough-haired so-called Scottish terrier and a smooth-haired English Terrier.

Scotties were introduced to America in the early 1890s, but it wasn’t until the years between World War I and World War II that the breed became popular. By 1936, Scotties were the third most popular breed in the United States. Although they didn’t permanently stay in fashion, they continued to enjoy a steady popularity with a large segment of dog-owning public across the world.

Appearance:   The Scotties are small, compact, short-legged, sturdily-built terrier of good bone and substance. They have a hard, wiry, weather-resistant coat and a thick-set, cobby body witch is hung between short,heavy legs. The Scottish Terrier’s bold, confident, dignified aspect exemplifies power in a small package. There eyes should be small, bright and piercing, and almond-shaped not round.There color should be dark grey or nearly black, the darker the better. There ears should be small, prick,set well up on the skull and pointed, but NEVER cut.

Coat:  The Scotties typically have a hard, wiry outer coat with a soft, dense undercaot. The coat should be trimmed and blended into the furnishings to give a distinct Scottish Terrier outline.

The longer coat on the beard, legs and lower body may be slightly softer the the body coat but should not be or appear fluffy.  

The coat colors range from dark grey to jet black and brindle, a mix of black and brown.

Temperament:   Scotties are territorial, alert, quick moving and feisty, perhaps even more so the other terrier breeds. The breed is known to be independent and self assured, playful, intelligent and has been nicknamed the “Diehard” because of its rugged nature and endless determination. 

Scotties, while being described as very loving, have also been described as stubborn. THey are sometimes described as an aloof breed, although it has been noted that they tend to be very loyal to their family and are known to attach themselves to one or two people.

Size: The height for both genders should roughly be 9.8 inches, and the length of back from withers to tail is roughly 11 inches. A well-balanced Scottie dog should weigh from 19-22lbs. A female from 18-21lbs and 10-11 inches in height.

Lifespan: 11-13 years