History: It’s not for certain when or where the dogs originated. There has been reports (legends) that Belgium monks developed this breed in a monastery around the 8th century. The Bloodhound was first known as the Saint Hubert, named after the monastery from which they were born. The Saint Hubert came in two colors, black or white.
The monks later sent a pair of black Saint Hubert’s to the King of France as a gift. This is when they were bred with other dogs and began to get the brown/black color.
Bloodhounds weren’t recognized in the United States until the 1800’s. They were known to be a great tracking and hunting breed. They would help their master locate missing-persons, or wild game.
Description: These dogs are fairly large dogs with an elongated gait. They have lots of saggy skin, which helps them pick up scents off the ground while tracking. Their long ears are known to help gather scents too . Their primary colors are black/tan or liver/tan.
Size: Their average weight is 80-100lbs and they stand about 23-27 inches at the shoulder.
Temperament: This breed can be a great family pet, but they are known to be stubborn. Since the BH was bread to sniff and track, it becomes hard for them to listen when they find a scent. You may find it hard to get their attention once they are on a trail. Another trait is that they might overpower young children if they are left alone with them. Otherwise, if you train them at a young age, Bloodhounds make great family pets.
Grooming: The Bloodhound requires a little more time when it comes to grooming. Since they are always outdoors sniffing around, they tend to get dirty. You can brush them daily to remove dirt and excess slobber. Their ears need to be cleaned daily because they can get into the food, water dish, and pick up all sorts of stuff off the ground. If not taken care of, their ears can get infected from bacteria.
Health: Bloodhounds are known to bloat. This is when the stomach fills with air from eating or drinking. It’s important to provide them with an elevated food bowl and feed them in two separate meals.
Like most large dog breeds, Bloodhounds are prone to hip and elbow dysplasia. Bloodhounds also have been known to have a few eye issues. Entropion, is when their eyelid forms inward, causing the eyelashes to scratch the eyeball. The opposite would be ectropion, where the eyelid forms outward. Then the last condition is keratoconjuntivitis sicca, also known as dry eyes.
Not all Bloodhounds are going to have these conditions. If you are planning on getting your dog from a breeder, make sure you ask them if the parents of the pups have been tested, and always make sure that the blood lines are clean.
Exercise: Bloodhounds were bread to track a scent for 100’s of miles; with that being said, it’s very important for them to get exercise. If you are wanting one of these dogs, make sure you have a fenced in backyard, a sturdy leash/harness, and plenty of time to play with your dog. When Bloodhounds get bored, they become destructive. They love to eat and chew on anything. Some owners have said they are great at remodeling your backyard. Remember, a happy Bloodhound make a happy owner 🙂
Lifespan: Around 8-10 years.
Trivia: The Bloodhounds have been known to play large roles on the big screen. They have appeared in movies such as Lady & the Tramp, Aristocats, Shawshank Redemption, & etc.